Understanding the Eight Parts of Speech: Using proper grammar is an important part of communicating clearly and effectively with your audience. Learning and Understanding the eight parts of speech, the parts of a sentence and the different kinds of sentences will help you master the rules of grammar and present your material grammatically correct.
Every word in a sentence has a specific function. When you recognize what a word does in a sentence, the word can be classified as a particular part of speech. Traditional English grammars list eight parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.
Some words act only as one part of speech; whereas, others may act as several parts of speech, depending on how the word is used in the sentence.
When you read, write and speak, you more than likely do not bother to classify words as particular parts of speech. There is no reason for this most of the time. However, when you want to identify and correct grammatical errors, it is important to understand what the parts of speech are and how they function in the sentence.
Therefore, Basic English Grammar presents information relating to the eight parts of speech in order to help you understand how words work in the structure of a sentence. After all, everyone should have the ability to write a sentence grammatically correct.
Simple Definitions for the Eight Parts of Speech
Nouns are naming words. Nouns name a person, place, thing or idea.
Verbs show action or state-of-being.
Adjectives describe or modify nouns.
Pronouns take the place of nouns.
Adverbs tell about verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Propositions show position and how things go together.
Conjunctions are joining words.
Interjections express strong or sudden feeling.
Resources For Understanding the Eight Parts of Speech
English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy
Plain English Handbook by J. Martyn Walsh and Anna Kathleen Walsh
The Only Grammar Book by Susan Thurman
Mastering English Grammar by S.H. Burton